The top 5 most valuable privately held art collections in the world are worth a staggering $11 billion. Some of these collections are hidden away. But many of these billionaires have a true passion for art and give generously through their foundations to museums and art galleries and allow their masterpiece collections to be seen and admired by the public.

  1. David & Ezra Nahmad – Estimated Collection Value: $3 Billion

Pablo Picasson painting

The world’s most valuable collection of art is held jointly by brothers David and Ezra Nahmad. They are not so much collectors as they are art dealers as these brothers buy and sell their artwork primarily at auction. They store their collection, an estimated 5,000 pieces in a warehouse in Geneva. A major portion of their collection is around 300 Picassos with an estimated value of nearly $1 billion. David and Ezra each have sons named Helly, and each son runs a Helly Nahmad Art Gallery. One is in Manhattan and the other is in London. The artwork that the sons own is not a part of David & Ezra’s holdings.

  1. David Geffen – $2.3 Billion

David Geffen has an estimated net worth of $7.1 billion. He made his fortune in the music and entertainment industry. He founded Asylum Records and Geffen Records whose notable names include Aerosmith and The Eagles. He later co-founded Dreamworks with Steven Spielberg.

Geffen’s art collection focuses on midcentury American artwork. The most notable artist in his collection is Jackson Pollock. Geffen is not only an art collector but an art philanthropist as well. In the last 2 years, Geffen has made contributions of $100 million each to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City and the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

  1. Eli Broad – $2.2 Billion

Eli and his wife Edythe opened the doors to the Broad Los Angeles Art Museum in 2015. Offering free access to 2,000 pieces of their collection allowed over 500,000 visitors to enjoy the artwork in the first year. The foundation oversees and manages the 5,000 pieces of artwork the Broads have collected over the years.

  1. Philip Niarchos – $2.2 Billion

The source of the art collection owned by Philip Niarchos is a fascinating tale. The bulk of the collection was purchased from actor Edward Robinson in 1957 for only $3 million. The sale was to fund Robinson’s divorce. Since 1957 Niarchos has added to the collection considerably and is now possibly the largest collection of Van Goghs in the world.

  1. Francois Pinault – $1.4 Billion

With an estimated net worth of $16 billion, Francois Pinault and family have the distinction of being the wealthiest on this list. The family created the fortune came from their ownership of luxury design houses Gucci, Stella McCartney, Alexander McQueen and Yves Saint Laurent.

The Francois Pinault Foundation owns and operates two contemporary art museums located in Venice. The Palazzo Grassi and Punta Della Dogana’s aim is to share the beautiful Pinault collection publicly and through education provide the keys to reading and understanding the language of contemporary art. The Pinault’s entire collection is available for public viewing and is loaned out to Art Museums and galleries around the world.

A note from Clark: I know this is a little different than most of the content on this site, but given the popularity of the post earlier this week about finding work as a live art model, I thought it might be helpful to get an expert’s opinion on getting healthy and fit for any of our followers considering a modeling career 😉

Becoming a life art model is not without its challenges. If you do not have any muscle definition, then you might not be the ideal candidate. If you have your heart set on being a live art model, but you are not in prime shape, then there are some things that you can do to correct the problem.

nutritious fruits and vegetables

Change Your Diet

No matter what other measures you take to get your body into shape to become a live art model you must first change your diet. You have to quit eating fast food and junk food and start eating lots of fruits and vegetables and skipping the soda. You can include a healthy meal plan to help keep you on track with your eating habits.

Get Your Cardio Exercise

Cardio based workouts are a great way to lose weight and increase stamina. Just lifting weights is not enough to help you shed body fat. You will have to make time every day for cardio exercises. You can do many different exercises to achieve results. The most common is jogging. You can also sprint, stair climb, or jump rope. If you can’t manage any of these exercises, then you can consult a personal trainer or even follow a cardio workout video. Just remember to be consistent. If you skip your workout, you won’t see the results you are after.

Drink Lots Of Water

One of the most important things that you can do for your body to keep it functioning properly and looking it’s best is to drink plenty of water. The average person stays dehydrated, and they don’t even realize it. You should drink at least a half of a gallon per water daily. This will help your skin to stay clear and will help your internal organs function properly. Drinking plenty of water can also curb your appetite and prevents you from overeating. In some cases, you will feel that you were hungry when you just need to drink water.

Get Plenty Of Sleep

Getting the proper amount of sleep is critical. If you do not get at least seven to eight hours of sleep per night, your body will not break down food properly. If your sleeping pattern is off your body will be more likely to store the food that you eat as fat. Proper sleep ensures that your body has a chance to heal and restore itself after a full day. This is critically important during times of stress.

Lower Your Stress Level

If you find yourself stressed out consistently, your body will suffer. Not only internally but externally as well. Whenever you are under extreme stress, your body produces a hormone called cortisol, which creates fat on the body. Do everything you can to eliminate stress in your life. By reducing stress, you will give your body a boost in metabolism. You will also notice that you will be able to concentrate more easily and have better stamina.

This is just a few things that you can do to help get your body in good enough shape to become a live art model. Keep in mind that you must be proactive and be serious about making changes in your diet, sleep patterns, and lifestyle. The results will not appear overnight. It will take some time for you to be able to get to the point where you feel comfortable posing as a live art model. It is also helpful if you have a support system or a buddy that you can team up with to help get you through this lifestyle change. With a little patience and hard work, you will soon see the results that you have been hoping for. Not only will you have The right body to be a live art model but you will also feel better and function better.

About the Author: Carl Knox

Carl is a health and fitness enthusiast that’s constantly working out. He runs a diet and exercise blog on Weebly that he recently started while in pursuit of the best health and fitness product on the internet. Keep up with him over on his site by using the link above, and feel free to contact Carl directly if you have any questions for him after reading this article!

Drawing the lines, curves, and contours of the human figure is, for almost every artist, an important part of the creative process. It’s also an exercise done best from a live model — a live nude model who is a short distance away from the artist’s easel.

Who poses nude for these drawing sessions? Well, anyone, including you, if it’s a job that interests you. Working as a live art model is, for many individuals, a way to earn a decent hourly wage (often $15-$20 per hour) for work that is fairly low stress. Of course, to work as a model, you need to be comfortable with your naked body. This does not mean that you need to be in peak physical condition, however, since artists often want to draw all types of human bodies. You’ll also need to be able to stand still for long periods of time in specific poses, sometimes as long as three hours (with breaks, of course), and be comfortable with dozens of eyes carefully examining every square inch of your body.

How can you work as a live art model? Read on.

Colleges & Universities

Colleges and universitiesMany public and private colleges and universities have art departments, and those art departments offer life drawing classes for which live models are needed. If you’re a student looking for work as a live art model, you might visit the art department to inquire about live model jobs; if you’re not a student, call or email to inquire about positions. Larger institutions typically employ a model coordinator who hires and schedules models, and you will probably be referred to this person. While a resume is not always required for a model job, it’s a good idea to have one.

The great thing about live model jobs at colleges and universities is that art classes typically run throughout the year: fall, spring, and summer semesters. Plus, life drawing is a cornerstone of any art department, and at larger schools, several sections are offered each semester. Live models are always needed, which means working for a college or university art department could be a good and steady source of income.

Art Museums & Artists

Man drawing a woman's faceJust like colleges and universities, many art museums offer life drawing classes as well. Check with the education department of the art museum near you to find out if such classes are held. Or, individual artists and drawing groups often employ live models for their work. Photographers are another option, but only if you’re comfortable with nude photos of yourself being out in the world. (They are usually tasteful, but it’s still a photo of your body.) You can often get connected with these individuals and groups through your local art museum. Again, have a resume on hand in case you are asked to provide one.

Beware of Scams

Unfortunately, there are some jobs listings that advertise for live art models but are really just scams. Before you agree to take off your clothes for a modeling session, whether you’re male or female, go for a visit and make sure you feel comfortable in the environment. If an individual artist wants to hire you for a private session, ask to see some of his or her work beforehand. And finally, if you ever feel unsafe in a live modeling situation, then leave; your personal safety and security takes priority over getting paid.

Good Luck!

There are lots of opportunities to work as a live art model, and if you know where you find them, you might land a job quickly. Polish your resume, make some calls or some visits, and block out your availability. With some persistence and perhaps a little luck, you should find a live art model position soon.

Woodblock printing is one of the earliest methods of printing text, images or pattern widely used in East Asia. This method uses engraved woodblocks to print out texts or images. It dates back to 9th century in China as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.

How it works

drawing on paperFirst, an image is drawn on plain paper with a lead pencil. An alternative to this is printing the image then covering the parts you want to be printed with a lead pencil. The image is transferred onto the wood by turning the drawing face down. To have the pencil transfer to the wood, a burnisher is commonly used to rub the back of the drawing.

Tracing the Illustration

Tracing the illustration with a pen typically makes it easier to see before starting to carve. The carving part of the printing is the most technical, and that’s why the wood is placed on top of a rubber mat so that it doesn’t slip. The large U-shaped gouge is used for clearing most of the material, whereas the small U-shaped gouge carves the details.

Proofing the Block

Proofing the block is the next step after the image has been carved out. It may not be easy to tell what the print will look like if the block is not proofed. It is done by applying a line of ink on the glass, mixing it then rolling out an even surface of it using the rubber brayer. The brayer is then rolled onto the block. Additional carving is done on areas that pick up the ink and are supposed to be clear.

Printing the Block

The block is then printed once the image has been carved to perfection. This is done by repeating the inking process done before then placing the paper face down onto the block. The back of the paper is then lightly pressed down starting from the center with the bottom of a rice spoon. The paper is then lifted and the block allowed to dry.

Cleaning/Framing the Woodblock Print

cleaning up before framingThe last process is cleaning and framing the woodblock print. Some little water is used to scrub off the unwanted prints lightly. However, this part of woodblock printing is not necessary, so most artists don’t do it.

This type of printing has been extensively used to decorate leathers, fabrics, and wallpapers. It is usually easiest when working with repetitive patterns since the carving and handling process is reduced. In the case of a multicolor pattern, an artist will have to carve each color element as a separate block. Ink is also applied individually.